The world’s highest skyscraper is called Burj Khalifa located in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates(UAE).
It is also known as Burj Dubai and stands at a whopping 829.8 meters or 2,722 feet high. It has a total of 163 floors and was constructed using more than 7,000 tonnes of steel and reinforced concrete similar to the weight of 100,000 elephants. Its construction began in 2004, completed in 2009 and was officially opened on 4th January 2010. It cost an estimated 1.5 billion US dollars to construct and at one time had over 12,000 workers a day working on it.
It was built in order to gain Dubai international recognition as the city that holds the world’s highest skyscraper on top of a host of other real estate marvels. It was also built to diversify Dubai’s investments away from its oil-based businesses. Burj Khalifa is named after Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan who is the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the UAE. That was done as an honour to the leader for his role in ensuring that Dubai got billions of dollars in credit financing to pay it’s debts.
Internationally, the building broke many height records such as:The tallest building.The tallest man-made structure.The tallest free-standing structure.The biggest number of storeys.The highest occupied floor.The vertical concrete pumping world record.The tallest service elevator in the world.The highest residential apartments.The highest restaurant from ground level.
The developer of the project was Emaar properties and it took seven years to complete it. At inception, it had been designed as a clone of the Grollo tower, Australia but it was redesigned by a renowned architect, Adrian Smith who worked under Skidmore, Owings and Merill, a Chicago-based construction company. This company worked in partnership with a host of many other companies that were involved in the project.
It was constructed using the revolutionary bundled tube design same as the one used to build another tower in Chicago, United States of America. Its design was also derived from Islamic architecture. It has the structural capability to withstand the extreme summer temperatures of Dubai and it consists of 142,000 square metres of reflective glass.
It boosts of a 304-room hotel by Armani occupying 15 of its lower 39 floors. It has enormous and amazing swimming pools. A large number of floors up to 108th are made up of mainly residential apartments that are privately held after being bought just a short after going to market.
A majority of the floors also consist of offices and suites except for the one hundred and twenty-second to one hundred and twenty-forth floors which consist of entertainment and leisure facilities.
It has approximately 57 elevators and 8 escalators. It also has a 2,090 stairs floor up to the last floor. The building is supplied with 250,000 gallons of water every day and consumes a huge quantity of electricity.
It stands in the middle a 27-acre park with several amazing features like gardens, water features, walkways, and flowering trees. It’s the main attraction for any visitors who travel to Dubai and it will remain the undisputed world’s highest skyscraper for many years to come.