Snakes are categorized according to their weight as well as the length of their bodies. The largest snake ever documented comes from the anaconda species, specifically the green anaconda. This species can grow up to a staggering 30 feet long, comparable to a school bus. They are also documented to weigh in the region of 600 pounds. In addition, these snakes continue to exhibit growth constantly for the rest of their living lives.They occupy the largest volume while simultaneously shattering the record for the heaviest snakes in the universe. These snakes cannot survive in certain parts of the globe such as the higher tropics due to their physical and body limitations. They are mostly found within the tropical rainforests, lakes as well as the many water-logged areas in this domain, mostly in the South American peninsular. The availability of these snakes in these regions is fostered by its ease of movement. It is more efficient to swim in search of prey than slithering in order to conserve its energy.
It is interesting to note that these large snakes are very difficult to find due to the murky waters in which these organisms live. They are agile swimmers in water, able to search for prey undetected until they reveal themselves. They are able to stay submerged for a maximum period of 10 minutes. All this is because of their large lungs that manage to hold oxygen whenever they are looking for prey. Moreover, the animal’s eyesand nasal openings are located at the top part of the head to assist surveillance when submerged. They mostly prefer eating fresh fish, turtles as well as large specimens such as pigs, deer and jaguars.
After eating a large prey, these beasts may survive satiated for a record few weeks. During this time, they will not attempt to search for prey; their only consideration is the conservation of energy since its body mass as well as the circulation of energy drains a lot of energy from this cold-blooded monster. It is interesting to note that the species are not venomous but take advantage of their body to asphyxiate unlucky prey, followed by swallowing them whole.The swallowing is aided by the presence of stretchable muscular ligaments in its jaws. They are best suited for nocturnal hunting in order to disguise their large bodies.
They are facing widespread challenges from humans, especially the indigenous community which hunts them for their high quality skins. Female anacondas are recorded to be significantly larger than their male counterparts. The snakes generally live in the wild for a maximum of eleven years. The female eggs practice the oviparity gestation process: it means that after undergoing internal fertilization, the young reptiles emerge from their mother’s bodies as whole organisms and can swim almost immediately after.
A vigorous anaconda can secrete over 30 full grown young ones per litter. These females are also understood to feed on their smaller male counterparts, especially during the mating season that extends from May to September. While mating, the male snakes competing for a single female form a breeding ball near the prospecting females which last roughly four weeks.
Ultimately, they are physically similar to many various snakes, specifically possessing four rows of teeth on their upper jaws.